Types of natural stone
Based on how they are formed, we can identify three types of rock: magmatic (igneous), sedimentary, and metamorphic (altered). Magmatic rock is formed through the process of crystallization of magma. The structure of magmatic rock is defined by the succession of crystallization and gradual cooling of magma. The main magmatic rock types are granite, granite porphyry, quartz porphyry, basalt, etc.
Sedimentary rocks were formed firstly by the transfer, deposition and cementation of eroded particles, secondly by a chemical process (precipitation from solutions), or thirdly by a biological process, in which the sedimentation is caused by a biological factor. Sedimentary rocks are mostly formed on the Earth’s surface or just below the surface at relatively low temperatures. The main types are sandstone, limestone, clay stone, travertine, etc.
Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types in a process that requires a high temperature, great pressure, and a specific environment (Earth’s crust factors). The duration and intensity of these factors determine the final appearance. Metamorphic rocks are e.g. crystalline limestone (marble), phyllite, granulite, etc.
The timeless appearance of natural stone veneer and tiles in the exterior and interior makes them a popular and sought-after building material. Stone veneer and tiles can be used to create both modern and rustic interiors, and they look great even after years of use. Natural stone can be used for much more than just veneer and tiles. We can use it to make a number of construction elements, be it for the exterior or interior of our home or garden. Stone slabs can be used for tables by the fireplace, kitchen countertops, or staircases.
Natural stone veneer can be the main design element on the facade of our house or in the interior. We can use natural stone veneer for the entire facade, only some of its parts, or the skirting. Stone veneer can be used to accentuate windows and door frames. The most current trend is using veneer to imitate a stone wall. Natural stone veneer also serves as an excellent insulation. When applied on the exterior walls, it prevents heat loss in winter and overheating of the interior in summer. Stone veneer can be also installed on polystyrene insulation systems.In the interior we can use natural stone in the living room, entrance hall, bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, or toilet. We can choose from both regular and irregular veneer and tiles. In the garden we can use stone veneer around swimming pools and pool edges, outdoor fireplaces, or as an imitation of stone walls.