Stone paving of molten basalt is made by melting of natural basalt and casting it into metal forms. It gains superb characteristics that make it possible to be used even in industrial operations. On the other hand, they are really beautiful especially in the interiors, as well as in the exteriors. These floors are mechanically and chemically very durable. They also have an attractive and unusual look.
Surfaces of molten basalt paving
Paving made of molten basalt can have smooth or anti-slipping surface. Different accessories are made for this type of paving. For example, plinth tiles, L-shaped tiles, and other atypically shaped tiles. The colour shade of these tiles is given by the nature of natural stone and it cannot be changed. Literally any tile is an original. In other words, basalt paving is unique, unrepeatable.
This paving is made with three different types of the reverse side:
- The most used one is so called fine raster (marking JR), which is used for laying into mortar or adhesive, in the same way as ceramic paving.
- Rough raster tiles (with R marking) are not as used as in the past – when the so called “live laying” was used. That means laying the tiles straight into a bed from wet concrete mix in the moment of laying of the floor.
- Smooth tiles, without raster (H marking) are used very rarely, for special kinds of tile-fixing, when a very thin layer of the base adhesive is required.
Characteristics of molten basalt paving
The nature of basalt – rock that is millions of years old – is improved by melting it. In this way, basalt products gain excellent physical and chemical characteristics. Actually, much better than the original natural basalt. Characteristics such as durability, firmness, resistance against abrasion, corrosion and water absorption.
Basalt is a natural and ecological material, which is not expensive at all. You will get durable and practical paving with long life and uncommon look. The attractive and original look of each piece of this paving suggests the analogy between basalt and snowflakes. Basalt tiles are in its originality very similar to snowflakes. Each one is different. A snowflake will disappear right in front of your eyes but basalt paving will remain unchanged for decades and still serve its purpose
Products from molten basalt are smooth with practically no liquid absorption, especially when cast into metal moulds. For better adhesiveness of the material to cements, these tiles are equipped with finer or rougher grooving on the non-working side. Grains of sand are pressed in the basalt in the process of casting, its particular grains are firmly bound in the basalt and they roughen the surface. The tests of adhesiveness have proven that these sanded castings have great adhesion to traditional and modern synthetics bonding agents.
The use of molten basalt paving
Stone paving made of molten basalt can be divided into industrial (durability and endurance are required), interior (beauty and unusual look are expected), anti-slipping (they have to be functional and practical above all), variable (original composition and character), and atypical (paving that would be difficult to imagine).
Frequently asked question is about the difference between interior and industrial paving